Pocket Guide First Aid Bibliography Chicago




What is FIRST AID? 

First Aid is medical attention done at the scene of an accident.

Why do we need FIRST AID? 

You perform first aid if someone is hurt or having a fit.

Who can perform FIRST AID? 

First Aid can be performed by all kinds of people such as paramedics, teachers,physeos, nurse, doctor, and the army and also by sports teachers.

Basics of FIRST AID:

Survey the scene

Survey the patient

Call for emergency servicesThe above actions are elaborated as follows:

Survey the scene:

Survey the scene and approach the victim. Determine whether the scene is safe. Lookfor dangers, such as downed power lines, traffic, unstable structures or fast-movingwater. Determine what may have happened, how many victims are involved, and if anybystanders can help. If several persons appear to be injured, perform


(Triage isa system used by medical or emergency personnel to ration limited medical resourceswhen the number of injured needing care exceeds the resources available to performcare so as to treat the greatest number of patients possible.), that is evaluate andcategorize the wounded and then treat those requiring the most urgent medicalattention first.

Survey the patient:

Perform an initial assessment. Get consent from a conscious victim (parent/guardian if the victim is a minor) before providing care. If the victim is unconscious, consent isimplied. Use infection control precautions and check for signs and symptoms of anylife-threatening conditions and care for them. To perform an initial assessment: 1.Check the victim for consciousness and obtain consent if the victim is conscious; 2.Check the ABCs (airway, breathing, and circulation); and 3. Check for severe bleeding.

Approaching the victim:

Approach the patient visibly and offers help. Direct questions("Can you hear me?", "What happened?", "Where are you hurt?") or instructions("Open your eyes!") are favored. It is often recommended that one announces to the



This guide provides basic guidelines and examples for common citation styles used at Davidson College. When citing sources, always defer to the citation style required by your department or professor. You may need to consult thefull style manualor consult a librarian for complex citation questions.

Note: Throughout this guide you will find examples of how to cite online sources (ebooks, online journal articles, etc.). These rules are subject to change when citation styles are revised, so be sure to consult the most recent edition of a given citation manual.

  • AAA

    (American Anthropological Association). Used exclusively in anthropology. Based on the Chicago Manual of Style.

  • ACS

    (American Chemical Society) Specialized citation style used in chemistry.

  • AMA

    (American Medical Association) Citation style used primarily in medical writing.

  • APA

    (American Psychological Association) Used primarily in psychology and sociology.

  • Chicago: Notes & Bibliography

    (Documentation I) Used primarily in the humanities, especially in history. The Turabian style is based on the most recent edition of the Chicago Manual of Style.

  • Chicago: Author-Date

    (Documentation II) Used primarily in the social sciences, especially economics and political science. Refer to this section for citing in APSA style (American Political Science Association) because APSA is adapted from the Chicago Author-Date style.


    (Council of Science Editors, formerly Council of Biology Editors) Used in various science disciplines, including physical and life sciences.

  • MLA

    (Modern Language Association) Used primarily in English and the humanities.

  • Davidson College Archival Sources

  • Style Manuals & Guides

  • Annotated Bibliographies


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