POCKET GUIDE ON FIRST AID BY K.SRIVIDYA
POCKET GUIDE ON FIRST AID
What is FIRST AID?
First Aid is medical attention done at the scene of an accident.
Why do we need FIRST AID?
You perform first aid if someone is hurt or having a fit.
Who can perform FIRST AID?
First Aid can be performed by all kinds of people such as paramedics, teachers,physeos, nurse, doctor, and the army and also by sports teachers.
Basics of FIRST AID:
Survey the scene
Survey the patient
Call for emergency servicesThe above actions are elaborated as follows:
Survey the scene:
Survey the scene and approach the victim. Determine whether the scene is safe. Lookfor dangers, such as downed power lines, traffic, unstable structures or fast-movingwater. Determine what may have happened, how many victims are involved, and if anybystanders can help. If several persons appear to be injured, perform
(Triage isa system used by medical or emergency personnel to ration limited medical resourceswhen the number of injured needing care exceeds the resources available to performcare so as to treat the greatest number of patients possible.), that is evaluate andcategorize the wounded and then treat those requiring the most urgent medicalattention first.
Survey the patient:
Perform an initial assessment. Get consent from a conscious victim (parent/guardian if the victim is a minor) before providing care. If the victim is unconscious, consent isimplied. Use infection control precautions and check for signs and symptoms of anylife-threatening conditions and care for them. To perform an initial assessment: 1.Check the victim for consciousness and obtain consent if the victim is conscious; 2.Check the ABCs (airway, breathing, and circulation); and 3. Check for severe bleeding.
Approaching the victim:
Approach the patient visibly and offers help. Direct questions("Can you hear me?", "What happened?", "Where are you hurt?") or instructions("Open your eyes!") are favored. It is often recommended that one announces to the
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