Referencing Images In Essay Citations

To cite an online image you are discussing in your writing

In the text

Mention the image in the text and cite the author and date:

The cartoon by Frith (1968) describes ...

If the image has no named author, cite the full name and date of the image:

The map shows the Parish of Maroota during the 1840s (Map of the Parish of Maroota, County of Cumberland, District of Windsor 1840-1849)

List of references

Frith J 1968, From the rich man’s table, political cartoon by John Frith, Old Parliament House, Canberra, accessed 11 May 2007, .

Include the following information:

  • author (if available)
  • year produced (if available)
  • title of image (or a description)
  • Format and any details (if applicable)
  • name and place of the sponsor of the source
  • accessed day month year (the date you viewed/ downloaded the image)
  • URL or Internet address (between pointed brackets)

If there is no named author, put the image title first, followed by the date (if available):

Khafre pyramid from Khufu’s quarry 2007, digital photograph, Ancient Egypt Research Associates, accessed 2 August 2007, .

Map of the Parish of Maroota, County of Cumberland, District of Windsor 1840-1849, digital image of cartographic material, National Library of Australia, accessed 13 April 2007, .

To cite online images/ diagrams used as figures

Figures include diagrams, graphs, sketches, photographs and maps. If you are writing a report or an assignment where you include any visuals as figures, you must include a reference.

If you include figures in your work, they should be numbered and labelled with captions. Captions should be very simple and descriptive and be followed by an in-text citation. Figure captions should be directly under the image.

In the text of the assignment

Cite the author and year:

Figure 1: Questions the Literature Review can Answer (The Learning Centre 2007) 

In the list of references

Provide full citation information:

The Learning Centre 2007, Some of the questions a review of the literature can answer, digital image, The University of New South Wales, accessed 2 August 2007, .

To cite online data in a table caption

If you reproduce or adapt table data found online you must include a citation. All tables should be numbered and table captions should be above the table.

In the text of the assignment

Table 2: Agricultural water use, by state 2004-05 (Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006)

 

StateTotal ML
NSW (including Canberra)3 976 108
Vic.2 570 219
Qld2 864 889
SA1 004 828
WA429 372
Tas255 448
NT45 638
Total ML11 146 502

List of references

Include the name of the web page where the table data is found.

Australian Bureau of Statistics 2006, Water Use on Australian Farms, 2004-05, Cat. no. 4618.0, Australian Bureau of Statistics, Canberra, accessed 4 July 2007 .


 

 Next: FAQ and troubleshooting

Reproducing Figures and Tables

Reproducing happens when you copy or recreate a photo, image, chart, graph, or table that is not your original creation. If you reproduce one of these works in your assignment, you must create a note (or "caption") underneath the photo, image, chart, graph, or table to show where you found it. If you do not refer to it anywhere else in your assignment, you do not have to include the citation for this source in a Works Cited list.

Citing Information From a Photo, Image, Chart, Graph, or Table

If you refer to information from the photo, image, chart, graph, or table but do not reproduce it in your paper, create a citation both in-text and on your Works Cited list. 

If the information is part of another format, for example a book, magazine article, encyclopedia, etc., cite the work it came from. For example if information came from a table in an article in National Geographic magazine, you would cite the entire magazine article.

Figure Numbers

The word figure should be abbreviated to Fig. Each figure should be assigned a figure number, starting with number 1 for the first figure used in the assignment. E.g., Fig. 1.

Title

Images may not have a set title. If this is the case give a description of the image where you would normally put the title.

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